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July in History

This historical calendar is excerpted from the Historical Calendar published by the National Historical Commission. Copyrighted 1970.

Date

Year

Event

1

1889

Birth in San Roque, Cavite of Dr. Olivia Salamanca, first Filipina doctor. Died on July 13, 71913.

1900

General Tomas Mascardo, political and military governor of Zambales and Bataan, issues a manifesto calling attention to the series of cruelties perpetrated by the Americans against the Filipinos.

General Artemio Ricarte is captured in Manila while recruiting volunteers for the Revolution.

The Congress of the United States enacts the Philippine Bill of 1902 which provides for the establishment of the Philippine Assembly.

2

1847

A royal order extends to the Philippines the benefits of the Spanish law protecting literary property.

1898

U.S. Consul O.F. Williams cables U.S. Secretary of State William R. Day, recommending that men and women of diverse occupations be sent to the Philippines, if a long period of occupation or permanent possession of the islands is being considered. He hoped for the arrival within the year of 10,000 Americans to aid in the establishment and maintenance of republican government.

1900

Arthur MacArthur issues a proclamation declaring that individual rights be granted to Filipinos.

3

1618

Alfonso Fajardo y Tenza becomes governor-general of the Philippines. During his administration, the College of Santo Tomas, now University of Santo Tomas, is inaugurated and the Convent of Santa Clara is founded.

1892

Dr. Jose Rizal founds La Liga Filipina, one of the aims of which is to united the Filipino people into a compact, vigorous and homogenous body.

1902

The President of the United States terminates the office of the Military Governor in the Philippines.

4

1835

By royal decree, the Society of Jesus is abolished and its property placed on sale with the proceeds going to payment of the public debt.

1861

The Council of Administration, a consultative body assisting the governor-general, is established in the Philippines.

1898

General Aguinaldo issues decree creating El Heraldo de la Revolucion and making it the sole clearinghouse of all revolutionary pronouncements.
General Thomas M. Anderson sends a letter to Aguinaldo asking the latter for cooperation in the American war with Spain. He states that the U.S. is in sympathy with the people of the Philippine Islands.

1900

The Democratic Party meets in Kansas and condemns and denounces the Philippine policy of the American administration.

1901

Civil government is inaugurated in Manila with William Howard Taft as first civil governor. Thereafter the Philippine Commission becomes the sole legislative body for the Islands until the inauguration of the Philippine Assembly on October 16, 1907.

1946

Commonwealth Act No. 570, which declared on June 7, 1940, that the National Language, based on Tagalog would be the official national language of the Philippines becomes effective.
President Harry S. Truman proclaims the United States "withdraws and surrenders all rights of possession, supervision, jurisdiction, control of sovereignty… and… recognizes the independence of the Philippines." Manuel A. Roxas and Elpidio Quirino are inducted into office as President and Vice-President, respectively, of the new Republic of the Philippines.
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5

1892

Acting on previous orders from the governor-general, the Guardia Civil conducts simultaneous raids on provincial homes, recently visited by Rizal.

1899

The Insular Press, a four-page daily, starts publication.
General Emilio Aguinaldo issues a decree freeing the Spanish prisoners who surrendered to the Filipinos after the eleven-month siege of Baler church in Tayabas.

1945

General Douglas MacArthur issues a proclamation announcing the "liberation" of the entire Philippines from the Japanese.

6

1839

Precios Corrientes, de Manila, the first commercial newspaper in Spanish and English, starts publication.

1892

Dr. Jose Rizal is arrested by order of Governor-General Eulogio Despujol and confined to Fort Santiago.

1898

General Aguinaldo writes a reply to General Thomas M .Anderson, in command of the U.S. land forces in the Philippines, assuring the latter that he has already ordered his "people not to interfere in the least with your officers and men."
Mariano Ponce in Yokohama holds a long interview with Inagaki Majiro, Japanese Minister to Siam and Secretary of "Tovokiokay" (Association Oriental). They discuss the possibility of Japanese aid to the Philippine struggle for independence.
Rear Admiral George Dewey receives information from the Filipino forces that the Germans (under Admiral von Diedriches) have been interfering with their (Filipino) military operations against the Spaniards in Subic Bay.

1961

President Carlos P. Garcia signs Executive Order No. 435 opening the port of Tagbilaran, Bohol, as a subport of entry within the collection district of the port of Cebu.

7

1864

Birth of Isabelo de los Reyes, historian, newspaperman, labor leader, politician, one of the founders of the Philippine Independent Church. Died on October 10, 1938.

1892

The Katipunan is formally established by Andres Bonifacio in Tondo, its goal being the independence of the Philippines by means of revolution.

1897

General Aguinaldo in Biyak-na-Bato, Bulacan, issues a manifesto explaining the grievances of the Filipinos against Spain and urging them to continue the revolution.

8

1648

The Royal Audiencia promulgates the papal bull of November, 1645 recognizing "the perpetuity" of the University of Santo Tomas, making it the first such institution in the Orient, older by a quarter of a century than Harvard.

1820

Birth in Lipa, Batangas of Father Valerio Malabanan, teacher of Apolinario Mabini. Died on March 22, 1885.

1900

Emilio Aguinaldo issues an order to guerrilla officers setting aside the days between September 15 and 24 for a general offensive against the Americans.

9

1862

Rafael de Echague assumes office as Captain-General of the Philippines. During his term as normal school is established.

1888

Mayon Volcano erupts and damages severely the towns of Libog and Legazpi.

1898

From the Philippines, General Thomas M. Anderson communicates to the US Adjutant-General in Washington, D.C., stating that he foresees a possible conflict with the Philippine forces.
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10

1566

Two boats from the Moluccas arrive with letters to Legazpi from the Portuguese commanders, ostensibly inviting the Spaniards to their islands, but as gathered afterwards, preparing to descend upon the settlement at Cebu.

1894

El Municipio Filipino (The Filipino Town), a review of legislation and jurisprudence, is issued. It is published in Spanish-Tagalog and its founder is Isabelo de los Reyes.

1934

Election of delegates to the Constitutional Convention.

1941

Blackout practices are held, the first of which takes place in Manila. Evacuation centers are established and "air-raid drills" are conducted in Manila and other cities in anticipation of the start of a second world war.

11

1860

Birth of General Pio del Pilar y Castaneda, guerilla leader of the Philippine Revolution. Died on June 31, 1931.

1869

Birth of Pio Valenzuela, a member of the Katipunan and first municipal president of Polo, Bulacan. Died on April 6, 1956.

12

1869

Governor Carlos M. de la Torre is serenaded by Filipino leaders, priests and students who express their appreciation of his liberal policies.

1888

The Filipinos in Madrid, with the personal collaboration and help of the Spanish politician Miguel Morayta, establish the "Asociacion Hispano-Filipina." Its purpose is to obtain reforms for the Philippines.

1899

Artemio Ricarte issues a circular asking for contributions to carry on operations against the United States Government.

13

1852

Birth of Juan Araneta, patriot and industrialist and once capitan municipal, in Bago, Occidental Negros. Died on October 3, 1924.

1860

Birth of Anacleto del Rosario, chemist, pharmacist, and "Father of Laboratory Science in the Philippines." Died on May 2, 1895.

1901

Miguel Malvar succeeds Aguinaldo as Commander-in-Chief of the Revolution.

14

1596

Francisco Tello de Guzman becomes governor-general of the Philippines. In his administration, the Royal Audiencia is re-established and the Jesuit Seminary of San Jose is founded.

1898

General Aguinaldo addresses a letter to Admiral Dewey asking him to forward his decrees of June 18 and 23 to Washington, D.C. and stating that "the desires of this government are to remain always in friendship with the great North American nation, to which we are under many obligations."

1899

The Revolutionary Congress in Tarlac meets and elects its officers. Those elected are Ambrosio Rianzares Bautista, President; Felix Ferrer, Vice-President; and Pablo Tecson, Basilio Hilario, E. Gutierrez David, Enrique Makapinlak, Alfonso Ramos and Luis Navarro, secretaries.
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15

1604

Acua writes to the King that there is fear of a Chinese invasion in Manila but that trade with the Japanese goes well.

1890

La Solidaridad publishes Rizal’s "The Indolence of the Filipinos."

1902

Vicente Lukban, patriot and revolutionary leader of Labo, Camarines Norte, takes his oath of allegiance of the United States, one of the last to give up armed struggle for independence.

16

1844

Narciso Claveria y Zaldua assumes the post of governor-general of the Philippines. During his term the Philippine calendar is corrected; a casino called "Sociedad de Recreo" (Recreation Association) is established; a military library is established; surnames are given to the Filipinos; number of papers are founded such as La Esperanza, Diario de Manila, etc., and the first steam war-vessel in the Philippines is purchased in London.

1870

The superior civil government orders that teachers taking leave to attend to their own affairs or for reasons of illness shall provide and pay for their replacements.

1899

The Federal Council of the Visayas at Iloilo elects Jovito Yusay president and Ramon Avancena, vice-president.

17

1581

Governor Ronquillo de Penalosa writes to Philip II inquiring whether Manila can be made the capital of the Philippines since it is the largest city with the largest population, and is the best governed in the Colony.

1751

A royal cedula authorizes the alcaldes mayores to engage in trade.

1784

King Charles III issues a decree thanking Governor Jose Basco y Vargas for remitting to Madrid P150,000, the first amount sent by the Philippine colony to the crown towards its own expenses.

18

1875

Birth of Marina Dizon, one of the first Filipino women to join the Katipunan, and a first cousin of Emilio Jacinto. Died on October 25, 1950.

1893

Rosario Villaruel is inducted as the first member of the masonic auxiliary for women.

1959

President Carlos P. Garcia formally opens the 10th Boy Scout World Jamboree in Makiling Park, Los Ba os, Laguna.

19

1754

Pedro Manuel de Arandia becomes governor-general of the Philippines. He reforms army and thereby incurs enmities; expels infidel Chinese and builds alcaiceria of San Fernando.

1770

General Simon de Anda assumes the position of governor-general, which was turned over to him by his predecessor, Governor Jose Ra n. He sends a letter direct to the King of Spain complaining the abuses made by the friars and officials against the Filipinos, opposes the king’s order of November 9, 1774, to secularize curacies held by the regulars, repairs the walls of Manila and within a few months brings about the construction of several war vessels.

20

1826

Birth of Margarita Roxas de Ayala, philanthropist, and founder of La Concordia College. Died on November 1, 1869.

1870

The superior civil government orders that for lack of teaching assistants the provincial and district chiefs may appoint, upon recommendation of local supervisors, substitute assistant for schools that have more than 80 pupils.

1961

President Carlos P. Garcia signs an administrative order pursuant to Republic Act No. 3019, otherwise known as the Anti-Graft and Corrupt Practices Law, which prohibits public officers and employees from dealing with relatives of high government officials "in any business, transaction, contract, or application with the government or any other business, calling for action or decision by such officers or employees."
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21

1602

Diego de Santa Maria, O.F.M., is authorized to build the Hospital de Aguas Santas de Mainit in Los Ba os, Laguna.

1877

A royal decree is issued creating the Commission of Philippine Flora and Forestry Statistics.

1901

General Miguel Malvar who has succeeded General Aguinaldo as head of the Revolution, issues his first manifesto. He reorganizes the army and the forces for national defense and divides the country into new zones so as to make the guerillas more effective.

22

1759

Manuel Antonio Rojo del Rio y Vieyra, a native of Tala, Nueva Espaa, assumes office as archbishop of Manila. He works hard to improve not only the condition of the community at large, but especially that of the poorer classes.

1864

Birth of Apolinario Mabini in Talaga, Tanauan, Batangas. The "Brains of the Revolution," and the "Sublime Paralytic," the son of Inocencio Mabini and Dionisia Maranan.

1900

Aguinaldo issues a proclamation declaring that all those who attend the peace festivals in Manila are traitors.

23

1567

From Cebu, Legazpi sends a letter to the kind stating that in some islands such as Luzon and Mindoro, Chinese and Japanese come every year to trade. These traders bring silk, wool bells, porcelains, perfumes, iron, tin, colored cotton cloths and other small wares, and in return take away gold and wax.

1590

A royal decree is issued regulating commerce in the Philippines by limited trade with China to six years.

1926

The Philippine Tuberculosis Society building in Manila is inaugurated with Mrs. Martin E. Egan as President, and Dr. Olivia Salamanca as Secretary.

24

1854

Birth of Antonio Jayme, lawyer and member of the first Philippine Assembly. Died on October 19, 1937.

1899

Apolinario Mabini writes to Felipe Buencamino that according to information he has received from agents in Hongkong, "favorable public opinion (on Philippine independence) in American is steadily gaining ground to the detriment of the imperialist party."

1905

A law is passed giving to the Supreme Court original jurisdiction over controversies between the Roman Catholic Church and the municipalities concerning the ownership title to churches, convents and cemeteries.

25

1636

The church of Cagsaua, in Albay, is burned by the Dutch invaders.

1872

Birth of General Santiago Alvarez, revolutionary general and hero of Dalahican, Cavite. Died on October 30, 1930.

1898

General Wesley Merritt arrives at Manila.

26

1844

Birth of Deodato Arellano, first president of the Katipunan, in Bulacan, Bulacan. He died in 1898.

1941

Lieutenant-General Douglas MacArthur, military adviser to the Philippine Commonwealth, is placed in active service as commander of the newly created United States Armed Forces in the Far East. Into this army command are inducted 100,000 Filipino soldiers whom MacArthur has trained in modern warfare.

1945

The three powers—Britain, China and the United States—issue an ultimatum to Japan demanding unconditional surrender.
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27

1645

A Dutch squadron from Batavia arrives at Jolo and helps the Muslims attach the Spanish garrison. The Filipino-Spanish defenders, ably led by Commander Esteban Ugalde resist and force the squadron to withdraw after three days combat.

1946

The remains of the late President Manuel L. Quezon arrived from the United States on board the aircraft carrier U.S.S. Princeton.

1962

President Diosdado Macapagal proposes the organization of a Greater Malayan Confederation, which he predicts will be a force for freedom, progress, and peace not only in Asia but throughout the world.

28

1909

Governor-General W. Cameron Forbes recommends the reconstruction of Rizal’s house in Dapitan, site of the hero’s exile.

1963

Twenty-four Boy Scouts and Scouters, delegates of the Philippines to the 11th Boy Scout World Jamboree in Marathon, Greece, perish in an airplane crash in the Arabian Sea.

29

1646

A Dutch fleet attacks the Spanish forces off Marinduque island.

30

1860

The Spanish Minister of War and Colonies issues a decree establishing a Government of Mindanao to pacify the territories like Basilan and Zamboanga in the southern islands.

1887

Birth of Honorio Ventura, Pampango politician, secretary of the interior and philanthropist.

1896

Dr. Jose Rizal receives a letter from Governor-General Ramon Blanco permitting him to go to Cuba to render service as a physician attached to the medical corps of the Spanish Army.

31

1896

Rizal leaves Dapitan with Josephine Bracken, his sister Narcisa, a niece and three nephews, for Manila thus ending his exile of four years and thirteen days.

1898

Spanish forces entrenched around the city of Manila conduct night attacks on U.S. forces.

1948

President Elpidio Quirino signs Proclamation No. 86 extending the period fixed in the amnesty proclamation for the surrender of the leader and members of the Hukbalahap and the Pambansang Kaisahan Magbubukid (PKM). An earlier proclamation was issued on June 21, 1948.

1963

Start of summit conference of heads of state of Malaysia, the Philippines and Indonesia on the proposed Confederation of Malaysia.
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